Pre Colonial trans Saharan trade route
These trade routes were integral to some in ties of antiquity and helped form wealthy prosperous nations Within many of these regions, the fabled city of Benin,the kingdom of Ghana, Mali and Songhai are but a few. Not forgetting the city of legend Timbuktu.
Source:World History: To 1800 By William J. Duiker, Jackson J. Spielvogel
Proto-Elamite or Mesopotamian
Statuette of a Striding Figure, 3000-2800 B.C.
Art Institute Chicago
August 19, 1692: Five Executed in Salem Witch Trials
On this day in 1692, four women and one clergyman were hung as a result of the Salem Witch Trials. Toxicologists now know that eating ergot-contaminated food can lead to a convulsive disorder characterized by a host of symptoms which are now known to be present in the records of the Salem witchcraft trials.
Examine the role that ergot poisoning played in the trials with Secrets of the Dead.
Image: Witchcraft at Salem Village. Engraving. The central figure in this 1876 illustration of the courtroom is usually identified as Mary Walcott (Wikimedia Commons).
Limestone Funerary Cippus (Tomb Marker)
100 - 200 AD
Only one other funerary cippus of this type is known, but the conventions used are similar to those of Egyptian painted portraits. The woman portrayed here is named in the Greek inscription as Kratea. In an attempt to capture her individuality, she is represented with rather bony and irregular features, and her hair is parted down the middle, a convention that seems to imply that she was elderly. Her jewelry is meant as an indicator of her wealth and status.
Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Fall of the Rebel Angels
Oil on wood, 347 x 227 cm
Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena